Distribution of Asiatic Black Bear and its Co-Existence with Human in Gaurishankar Conservation Area, Nepal

24 Oct 2022 Gaurishankar Conservation Area, India, Indian Sub-continent Carnivores | Conflict | Education | Mammals

Shreyashi Bista

Asiatic Black bear is most recently identified on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2016 and is classified as Vulnerable under A2cd criteria, in southern Asia it is considered threatened and as of the studies conducted recently, it is considered as an endangered mammal in Nepal. The study area for this research is Gaurishankar Conservation area encompassing three districts: Sindhupalchok, Dolakha, and Ramechhap.

Four main objectives of by study area:

1) Assessment of the distribution of the Asiatic Black Bear in Gaurishankar Conservation Area.

2) Crop-raiding and human attack by the Asiatic Black Bear in the region.

3) An overview of the types, scales, and locations of Human-Asiatic Black Bear conflict and its mapping.

4) Conservation Awareness to local people via advocacies, school teaching and community teachings.

Ground walking in transects (ten 500m transect) inside the grids (5*5 km) will be done to collect the field data. Questionnaire survey with local people, herders, hunters, fodder and firewood collectors, and other stakeholder data on the kinds of crops and livestock affected the magnitude of damage, frequency, seasonal damage and human attack data will be gathered. Initiatives for education and public awareness will be developed, including a community-based conservation awareness campaign, a school education program, and training for local herders to increase their capacity. The initiative will use single-season, single-species occupancy models in PRESENCE program to determine distribution. In R studio, descriptive analysis using frequency distribution and multivariate logistic regression will be used to analyse the interactions between humans and bears. As a conclusion, baseline information on distribution and accurate records of the Human-Black Bear conflict will be acquired, serving as the basis for management actions for conservation and future research. The community will also be made aware of the significance of conserving Asiatic Black Bears and their need for conservation through this study.

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