|Country||Congo, the Democratic Republic of the|
|Categories||Education, Fishes, Habitats|
|Date||26 May 2020|
Lake Tanganyika littoral areas are of higher diversity, especially in cichlid teleost of unsurpassed speciation and economic values. However, these critical habitats and their ﬁsh-fauna are undergoing multiple alterations (e.g., overﬁshing, water pollutions, habitat-loss, sedimentation, and lake-global warming) often leading to species loss and local extinction. Along Congolese shorelines (depth 0–20 m) of high human inﬂuences and ﬁsh protein demands, many littoral-cichlid species are mostly targeted by local-ﬁshers by employing different gears. Most of these fishing-gears and techniques are no longer sustainable to littoral-ﬁsh stock due mainly to their smaller mesh-sizes mostly capturing smaller-sized ﬁsh. Earlier data based-stock analysis reported a strong shortage of some cichlid species of commercial interests from many locations between Uvira and Fizi territories.
Cichlid species are particularly vulnerable to intense ﬁshing further to their longevity and fecundity. Thus, such threat is not yet better illustrated due to the limited key ecological studies on each targeted littoral-ﬁsh species and habitat. Otherwise, ﬁshery sector faces management problems (lack of conservation measures, low legislation, or uncontrolled rapid increase of ﬁsher’s number), especially in Lake Tanganyika Congolese shores of Uvira and Fizi. Though actively intense, this littoral ﬁshery still ignored in many aspects and many actors are unaware on threats arising from their activities to the ﬁsh resource. Detailed studies on these ﬁshing-activities combined with ﬁsh ecology still limited; eﬀorts to stimulate more insights into management and legislation initiatives are needed.
To manage ﬁsh resources, this project will examine the littoral ﬁshing ﬂeet from Lake Tanganyika north-western parts by collecting ﬁsh-data (experimental and commercial catch), environmental features and conducting socioeconomic surveys with education techniques in the ﬁeld. We intend to investigate the littoral ﬁshery of cichlids with more emphasis on their ecology (i.e., population status, reproduction, distribution, habitat requirements and ﬁshery ﬂeet status) of common species and to sensitize all stakeholders on the threats facing this resource in order to promote sustainable preservation of Lake Tanganyika littoral cichlid communities. The project ﬁndings will present high potential beneﬁts for the communities, decision-makers, and future researches in term of biodiversity conservation at Lake Tanganyika, particularly in the Congolese side.
Read about Mushagalusa's previous project https://www.rufford.org/projects/mushagalusa_cirhuza_deo or for more information contact:
E-mail: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org