|Date||28 Mar 2017|
Background of the project
Boswellia papyrifera tree species is native to Ethiopia, and primarily grown for its frankincense which is internationally traded for its various industrial uses. Although the tree has several benefits, it is currently under great threatening due to different anthropogenic factors such as uncontrolled fires, over exploitation and grazing. Due to these factors, the tree populations have decreased to ever smaller patches. Therefore, it has been listed by TRAFFIC (monitoring program of WWF and IUCN) as one of the endangered species that need conservation (Marshall, 1998). Some efforts have been made in Ethiopia to improve the populations of the tree species, however; due to lack of local community involvements these efforts were unsuccessful. This project therefore comes to fill this gap with the following species objectives:
To prioritize the factors affecting currently conservation of the Boswellia papyrifera tree by involving the local community and other relevant stakeholders
To develop community based solutions for those identified and prioritized factors that currently affecting conservation of the tree species
To train and educate the local communities, extension workers, natural resource managers and other relevant stakeholders about the factors affecting conservation of the tree species and their possible solutions in order to improve their awareness
Methods to be used
This project will be conducted in tow districts (Abergele and Kafta-Humera) of Tigray regional state of Ethiopia. The project jointly works with the local communities for prioritizing the factors affecting conservation of the tree species and their solutions. Firstly, the factors affecting conservation of tree species and their possible solutions will be gathered using interview, questionnaires, and extensive literature review and field observations. These factors will be then critically evaluated using focal group discussion in order to add, delete or amend. The well evaluated factors will then be compared each other by selected individual households using Saaty (1980) numerical scales for Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) model. The proposed numerical scales of the model, which goes from 1 to 9, where the value 1 implies that two factors are equally affecting conservation of the tree, and 9 indicates that from the two factors one is extremely affecting conservation of the tree.
The overall prioritization and ranks will be then determined in the model by summing of the individual ranks. The model is implemented in Expert Choice software (http://expertchoice.com) in order to facilitate is prioritization.
After preparing well prioritized factors affecting conservation of the tree species and their solutions, intensive training and education will be given to the local communities and other relevant stakeholders order to improve their awareness for conservation of the endangered tree species.
Expected outputs of the project
The awareness of the local communities, extension workers, natural resources mangers and other relevant stockholders on conservation of the endangered tree species will be improved
The factors that currently affecting conservation of the tree species and their community based solutions will be clearly identified and prioritized
Conservation and management of other endangered trees and wildlife species in the study districts will be improved as the awareness of the local communities will be enhanced
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|Date||28 Mar 2017|
Boswellia papyrifera at seedling stage in Abergele district, Ethiopia.
Boswellia papyrifera forests in Kafta-Humera district, Ethiopia.
Diameter, regeneration and height measurements of Boswellia papyrifera trees species.
Interview with local community regarding the factors affecting conservation of Boswellia papyrifera tree species and its solutions.