Assessing the Status of Fireflies and its Conservation Practices through Community Participation in Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, Western Himalaya

Nidhi Rana

Fireflies are conspicuous beetles possessing the characteristic feature of bioluminescence and belongs to family Lampyridae. Fireflies contribute immensely to the environment as bioindicators, pollinators, and predators of garden pests and also in medical sciences. There are more than 2000 species of fireflies all over the world and more to be discovered.

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Doon valley is located in western Himalayas, Uttarakhand (India) and we are data deficient as we do not hold the data of fireflie’s species which resides here. Therefore, this study aims to provide basic data of fireflie’s diversity. Furthermore, fireflie’s population is decreasing around the world which bells an alarm considering their conservation. So, this study will also provide information about factors responsible for their declining and of potential habitats which needs to be conserved. Due to urbanization and destruction of natural habitats number of different species are facing threats and fireflies are one of them. Thus, through this study we aim to escalate awareness about fireflie’s contribution in our environment among community, local people and students and encourage them to build fireflie’s friendly environment. This purpose will be serve through outreach programs.