|Town/Region||Selous Game Reserve|
|Country||Tanzania, United Republic of|
|Categories||Conflict, Elephants, Mammals, People|
|Date||18 Feb 2019|
Human co-existence with elephants present a significant conservation challenge and priority in Tanzania, where they are threatened by poaching and human-elephant conflict crisis. Elephants can have negative impacts on people and livelihoods, especially in communities that share spaces and resources with them.
Elephants are species with large range requirements and migratory behaviour. Elephants spend considerable time outside of protected areas. Although Tanzania’s protected areas network covers over 30% of the country, elephant range is about 41% of the country. As such, there is potential for human-elephant conflict when elephants come into contact with people outside of protected areas. Furthermore, the human-elephant interaction at which conflict can occur may be expanding due to rapid demographic, socio-economic and land-use change in Tanzania. In addition, to the pressures of population growth, internal migration of rural people driven by access to available and access to land may lead to increased settlement and land conversion around protected areas. In Tanzania, the human-elephant conflicts appear widespread in areas bordering protected areas, wildlife corridors, buffer zones and dispersal areas.
This study is going to gather information on elephant movements and historical range (buffer zones and dispersal areas), using elephant collaring data from the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) and using rapid questionnaire surveys to gather information about human-elephant interactions, community attitudes, how farmers and government manage human-elephant conflict, identify forms and distribution of human-elephant conflict, identify other sources of income generating activities to buffer financial losses from elephant crop raiding and identify the needs for conservation education in seven villages along the northern boundary of the Selous Game Reserve.
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