|Country||Tanzania, United Republic of|
|Categories||Elephants, Farming, Mammals|
|Date||24 Jul 2018|
This project is a continuation of the five year research projects in the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem. Also funded by Rufford Foundation, previous projects revealed that conservation efforts in the area has resulted to an increase in the number of elephants, leading to the escalations of human-wildlife conﬂicts. The increase in elephant populations led to increase in crop raids incidences, which threatens rural dwellers’ food and livelihoods security. It discourage rural people to engage in conservation, and the lack of education on proper crop protection techniques led them to resort to lethal techniques such as poisoning of elephants to protect their crops.
The research however discovered small scale use of ecologically friendly techniques to deter elephant’s raids on crops. Conservation NGOs operating in Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem have successfully designed and tested the use of spotlights, chili bombs and chili fences to protect crops against elephants. Yet, despite the proved eﬀectiveness of these novel techniques, rural people continue to suffer crop losses because the knowledge is not being transferred to the affected people. Rural people thus continue to depend on NGOs staff who are time bound and budget constrained.
This project therefore aims to empower rural people to take control crop protection by training them on how to make and use of chili bombs, and spotlights. The projects’ theory of change hinges on the use of ‘ﬁeld laboratory’ to inject knowledge to the aﬀected people to foster community development and conservation. The project target to reach all adult males and females in ten villages. Women, in particular, are encouraged to participate, because most of the farms are within homesteads, and women are home most of the time. Therefore empowering women with the right knowledge and tools will increase chances of success.
Trainers use video clips and fliers, with emphasis on practical examples. After each training session, participants form groups and practice what they have learnt. Spotlights are mainly bought in the local markets, and trainers teach local people how to identify best spotlights in the market, targeting the ones which can be recharged by solar power. Agriculture experts train local people to grow chili for bomb making and sale for cash income generation.
Value chain analysis for chill is conducted to identify potential products and areas for value addition at the local level. Upon completion, the project expects improved food security, enhanced conservation, and diversification of income sources for people in the project area.
Read about Francis' previous project https://www.rufford.org/projects/francis_moyo_0 or for more information contact: