|Town/Region||Awash River, Baro River, Blue Nile River, Boye Wetland, Omo River, Lake Abaya , Lake Awassa, Lake Chamo, Lake Langano, Lake Tana|
|Date||23 May 2018|
Distribution Pattern and Population Size of Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) in Ethiopia Common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) is currently assessed as VULNERABLE by IUCN due to population decline across its range. Hippopotamus are regionally extinct in five African countries, and more regional extinctions are expected in many countries in the near future. The most important threat of the species is drying of wetland as a result of anthropogenic disturbance and livestock grazing. Ethiopia is one of the most important African countries in terms of high wetland coverage estimated 13,699 km2 with many rivers and lakes which are vital for the conservation of hippopotamus, but a comprehensive study on its distribution and population size is missing in Ethiopia. It is estimated that about 2000 individuals live in the country.
This project aims at filling the gap of knowledge regarding distribution pattern and population size of hippopotamus in Ethiopia. We will focus on the six major rivers (Omo, Awash, Blue Nile, Gibe, Baro and Akobo), the five major lakes (Abaya, Hawassa, Langano, Ziway and Chamo) and 27 large and undisturbed wetlands, including Dhati-Welel National Park, Chebra Churchura National Park and the wetland between Jimma and Illibabour. Transect based surveys will be supplemented by questionnaire based surveys to gather data on population size and distribution hotspots.
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