|Date||26 May 2020|
Tanongou waterfall represents a biodiversity hotspot in Benin. The area shelters a gallery forest dominated by ectomycorrhizal trees such as: Afzelia africana, Berlinnia grandiﬂora, Monotes Kerstingii, Uapaca guineensis, Isoberlinia spp. Many previous studies have demonstrated that the fungi are in compulsory symbiotic relationships with these ectomycorrhizal trees (Boni & Yorou 2015, Yorou et al. 2017). Thus, the presence of these tree species are the key indicators of the presence of a huge diversity of fungi. Some of these ectomycorrhizal tree species notably Afzelia africana is classiﬁed as Endangered (EN) in Benin and Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN red list due to the human disturbances (illegal logging, bushﬁres, implementation of farming etc.). In addition, the demographic growth of the population of Tanongou constitute a threat as well to the habitats of fungi because of the daily needs. Indeed, in tropical Africa, fungi are well known for their crucial role in the life of local people using them as food, medicinal, magico-religious and economic purposes (Kone et al. 2013, Codjia & Yorou 2014, Boni & Yorou 2015, Fadeyi et al. 2017, Yorou et al. 2017). Despite this, because of the lack of protection legislation, the lack of knowledge and education of local people in the necessity to preserve the biodiversity of Tanongou waterfall, the level of the fragmentation of the habitats of fungi increase continuously.
In this context, the project seeks to
(1) document the diversity of fungi of Tanongou waterfall through extensive ﬁeld surveys what will be the ﬁrst and a crucial step for the protection and preservation of fungi,
(2) document endogenous knowledge relative to fungi,
(3) implement tree nurseries for the reforestation of fragmented areas
(4) raise public awareness activities in
collaboration with the forest oﬃce, NGOs, villager authorities, villager committees and heads of schools.
For further information contact: