|Town/Region||Amacayacu National Park, Leticia|
|Continent||Central and Latin America|
|Categories||Mammals, Primates, Trade|
|Date||26 Apr 2012|
In primate habitat countries, environmental legislation is precise. However, corruption within environmental authorities makes law enforcement lax or non-existent to influential infractors. Since 2008, we have been working to stop the illegal trade in owl monkeys (Aotus) used for malaria research in the Amazonian frontier between Colombia and Peru. Both countries are signatory parties of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The traded species (Aotus nancymaae, Aotus vociferans and Aotus nigriceps) are included in CITES appendix II and are under the Lower Risk (LC) IUCN category. Interviews with 43 traders/collectors from Peru and Colombia suggest that during the period 2007–2008, approximately 4000 owl monkeys were traded (Maldonado et al, 2010). In addition, more than 15.000 adult trees (with diameter at breast height <10 cm), were deforested during the trapping process. Evidence submitted to CITES Peru and Colombia, led to a bi-national investigation. As the preliminary result of a popular interest suit case implemented by A. Maldonado, the biomedical laboratory conducting the illegal trade (FIDIC) is investigated by the regional environmental authority (CORPOAMAZONIA) and the Colombian Police (http://www.cites.org/common/com/AC/26/S26-16-02-A-CO.pdf). Currently this lab is not allow to buy or release owl monkeys into the wild, as they had been doing since 1999, under legal permits granted by CORPOAMAZONIA.
To assess the impact of this trade on wild populations, data were collected using line-transect census techniques at eight sites located at the Colombian-Peruvian border. Densities were estimated using DISTANCE 6.0. The estimate of individual density in hunting areas of Peru was 3.6 ind/km2 where illegal trapping of owl monkeys is high, while it was of 44 ind/km2 in low-hunting areas of Colombia (Maldonado, 2011).
We aim at continuing developing a participatory strategy that will integrate the following outcomes:
Read about Angela's previous grant http://www.ruffordsmallgrants.org/rsg/projects/angela_maria_maldonado_ro... or for more information contact: