|Country||Iran, Islamic Republic of|
|Date||6 Apr 2018|
Salamandra infraimmaculata semenovi is considered as Near Threatened (NT) species by IUCN criteria. This taxon is the only terrestrial salamander species occurs in a small part of Iran and its habitat quality, limited distribution range, interference and overlaps of its habitats with local community's agricultural and gardening activities, led us to define a protective project in the direction of more focused and specialized attention to this sensitive taxon.
We plan to finding a complete and comprehensive knowledge on all available localities for this species at the area through survey all locations in upcoming spring and summer for S.i.semenovi. As far as it clear now, the distribution of the fire salamander falls largely outside protected areas under management of DOE, implying that the species may be threatened by illegal collection and agricultural activities of the farmers in up streams near the springs. Thus, understanding what is happening for the species is critical for tracking the survival of this endemic species.
A large part of the distribution range of the fire salamander has never been surveyed so far in Iran. To ensure consistent management of the species, complete information must be obtained on the distribution of the species in order to determine the exact extent of its range through three main activities include: field studies and identifying all available localities, doing a complete census based on direct observations and finally environmental education of and communication with local people.
The most prominent outputs will be as follows:
Conducting comprehensive field surveys to complete distribution data and elucidate conservation importance of the taxon is one of the main outputs. FSWG members will try to void drainage of local habitats where the salamanders occurs and inhibit, and where this is unavoidable, the fire salamanders will translocate to a suitable habitat within the immediate area. The project will develop good connections between fire salamanders and local people in the Sravabad as one of the most important centres of distribution for the fire salamanders, and educate a large number of community groups. Design and implement a local education and awareness program through enhance local knowledge and understanding conservation issues would be conservation issue's output of the project. In addition, informing private landowners about the importance of fire salamanders through encourage maintenance of ponds, streams, avoid contamination, and reduce disturbance (cattle) around the habitat edge would be another important issue that FSWG team will responsible to gain this.
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