|Town/Region||Chitwan National Park|
|Categories||Carnivores, Conflict, Mammals|
|Date||8 Mar 2018|
Chitwan National Park (CNP) is one of the few remaining source sites of tigers with population >120. Poverty in the local communities residing in the periphery of this park is one of the major threats to tigers. Under the dire circumstances many rural people are forced to enter into the park to meet their basic livelihood requirements leading to increased human-tiger conflict (HTC). HTC is likely to surge with increase in tiger numbers. Because of their territorial behaviour, on an average 2-3 tigers are reported to be pushed out annually by dominant males either through infighting or transient floating sub-adult individuals looking for establishing a territory. Subsequently, the weaker individual often moves to fringe areas and villages where they are likely to attack livestock and people. Increase in conflicts may negatively affect tiger conservation efforts making the government’s commitment of doubling the tiger population by 2022 challenging. Negative human-tiger interactions need to be reduced to a level that enables people and tigers to co-exist in the shared landscape. Therefore, there is a need to proactively develop and implement strategic mitigation measures to reduce human and livestock casualties.
Effective management of conflicts in buffer zone areas can reduce the cost of conservation borne by local communities; improve and/or protect the livelihood opportunities of poor-rural communities sharing landscapes with tigers. Thus, integrating local people as important stakeholders and building their capacity in conflict management are crucial, which contribute for positive conservation outcomes and promote human tiger co-existence in shared landscape. Thus, to support HTC mitigation process, the project aims to enhance stability through a holistic, people-to-people approach that facilitates the resolution of emerging HTC; and reduces shared natural resources competition through joint economic and natural resources management (NRM) initiatives. The project findings will support the park management authority and local communities to take necessary actions to deal with the emerging HTC.
Read about Dol's previous project https://www.rufford.org/rsg/projects/dol_raj_thanet_0 or for more information contact: