Grant Recipients Conference, Peru 2016

Grant Recipients Conference, Peru 2016

18-19 January 2016

Introduction

Peru is strategically located in South America, sharing borders with Ecuador, Bolivia, Co- lombia, Brazil, and Chile, where the Rufford Foundation has supported over 400 projects (Peru 91, Ecuador 46, Bolivia 44, Colombia 89, Brazil 122, and Chile 56). Since many Rufford-supported projects are conservation-driven, we took this opportunity for grantees and Peruvian environmental authorities to meet and explore solutions for strengthen- ing biodiversity conservation in the region. We invited representatives of the Peruvian Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Agriculture, as well as local university professors. The meeting was enriched by two extra presentations: one by Flavia Mazzini, representing RECONOCE, a scientific collaboration network to strengthen biodiversity conservation in Latin America, created in the last Rufford Meeting in Chile; and a passionate closing presentation made by José Alvarez, Director of the Biological Diversity Office of the Peruvian Environmental Ministry. Another highlight was the presentation by Rufford grantee and laywer Bruno Monteferri, about learning to involve people in financing private and communal conservation in Peru. The official language of the meeting was Spanish, to stimulate discussion with Peruvian authorities. The abstracts and full papers are also presented in Spanish, to facilitate their dissemination in Peru.

Objectives of the meeting

For Rufford Foundation grantees to share research results and discuss possible conservation actions with Peruvian environmental authorities.

Impact

Speakers presented results from 29 Rufford Foundation-supported projects to Peruvian governmental authorities, other environmental authorities, and students, and spurred vital discussions about emerging environment issues in Peru. The event had 53 attendees in total, including speakers.

Emerging issues raised and recommendations made

1) Reduce the illegal traffic of monkeys on the frontier between Peru and Colombia. Specific recommendations include:

a-Find ways to stop the Colombian laboratory that uses threatened species of monkeys for malaria experiments. This stimulates the capture and sale of monkeys on the Peruvian side, and those animals are then released on the Colombian side;
b-Involve the Peruvian army in enforcing animal trafficking laws;
c-Take seriously laws against illegal animal trafficking, given that currently 80% of local cases are tabled without prosecution.

2) Take actions to improve human behavior towards whales, and sustainable whale-watching in Northern Peru. Recommendations include:

a-Develop citizen science projects for communities, fishermen, and tour guides;
b-Implement legislation to regulate whale-watching in Peru
c-Increase information available on the topic in schools and universities.

3) Minimize accidental turtle captures by fisheries. Recommendations include: a-Implement legislation requiring fishermen to use equipment to rescue and release turtles; b-Offer training for fishermen on the rescue and release of turtles, based on the new legislation.

4) Since Peru considers sharks a fishery resource, and sharks are eaten every day in Peru under other names,
document how many sharks of which species are captured by fishermen, which will help estimate shark populations and consequently the sustainability of current harvest rates. Recommendations include:

a-Implement legislation that requires the identification and biometry of sharks used as food;
b-Implement an information campaign showing the species of shark being consumed under different names in the Peruvian market

5) Create tools and opportunities for consumers and chefs to support marine conservation. Recommendations include:
a-Introduce a marine product certification stamp;

6) Stop the excessive use of dangerous pesticides in rice plantations, which negatively affects benthic macro-invertebrate communities.
Recommendations include: Strengthen oversight of pesticide use in Peru and teach farmers how to use pesticides sustainably.

7) Provide financial incentives that encourage people to engage with conservation, and reduce subsidies and tax breaks to mining, agriculture, and cattle ranching. Recommendations include: Establish a good system of payment for ecosystem services.

8) Link the increasingly isolated Cerros de Amotape National Park to protected areas in Peru and neighboring Ecuador. Recommendations include:

a-Promote the creation of binational protected areas and international protected area corridors (OTCA)

9) Mitigate the impacts of the Interoceanic Highway, including wildlife collisions with cars and the isolation of populations of threatened species on opposite sides of the highway; Recommendations include:

a-Provide incentives for monitoring wildlife collisions;
b-Establish measures to reduce the frequency of wildlife collisions (e.g., build wildlife barriers or overpasses at high-frequency accident sites);
c-Create protected areas along the highway that maintain animals’ ability to cross from one side of the highway to the other, and that can benefit both biodiversity and local people.

Examples of locally developed approaches to biodiversity management:

The need for international cooperation to mitigate wildlife trafficking in the Amazonian triborder area of Brazil, Colombia, and Peru. Angela M. Maldonado
Sea turtle conservation in Peru: investigating longline bycatch of sea turtles to reduce mortality. Shaleyla Kelez
Genetic diversity and population structure of commercially important sharks in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Ximena Vélez-Zuazo
Aggregation areas of elasmobranchs in northern Peru. Adriana Gonzalez Pestana Learning and attitudes towards marine conservation of whale-watchers in Peru. Ana Maria
Garcia Cegarra
Conserving water resources and biodiversity in rice paddies and mangrove swamps of Piura, Peru. Florencia A. Trama
Natural corridors for top predators along the Interoceanic Highway: Impacts and conservation. Renata Leite Pitman
Examples of how has Rufford support has helped early career conservationists achieve their goals:
Towards sustainable cuisine: Knowledge, beliefs, and practices of cooks associated with seafood at two classes of Lima restaurants. Rocio Maria Lopez de la Lama
Richness and abundance of large and medium-sized mammals at Cerros of Amotape National Park, Tumbes. Cindy M. Hurtado
Noninvasive genetic techniques reveal a larger population of sea otters in Peru. Daniella Biffi
Estimating the density and distribution of the Amazon river dolphin (Inia geoffrensis) and tucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis) in Yarinacocha, Peru. Elizabeth Campbell
Examples of how Rufford grants have provided seed funding to build capacity, identify conservation needs, and develop replicable models for future projects:
Learning how to involve people in financing private and communal conservation in Peru. Bruno Monteferri
Examples of how Rufford funding has helped train a future generation of conservationists:
Natural corridors for top predators along the Interoceanic Highway: Impacts and conservation. Renata Leite Pitman

Location

Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
Lima
Peru
12° 2' 43.3104" S, 77° 1' 57.72" W
File DownloadSize
Peru Conference 201610.82 MB